There are and have been many great thinkers and philosophers throughout history. While the list is endless, there are ten that stand above the rest. Here, you will read about and learn a bit about the Top 10 Most Significant Thinkers and Philosophers of the World.
List of Top 10 Most Significant Thinkers and Philosophers of world ever until 2017
10. Karl Marx
Karl Marx was a German philosopher, journalist, socialist, and economist. He was born in 1818 and passed away in 1883. He collaborated with Friedrich Engels and spent much time in London working on his studies. Karl Marx is most well known for a pamphlet he created in 1848, The Communist Manifesto. This pamphlet has influenced the economy and political history since it was written many years agi, Marxism, as it has become known, tells of Karl Marx’ theories that pertain to society, the economy, and politics. He is considered to he one of the greatest philosophers and thinkers of all time.
9. Isaac Newton
We have all heard of Isaac Newton. Who has not heard the saying, “What goes up must come down”? Isaac Newton was an English physicist and mathematician, and one of the greatest minds of the 17th century. He made astonishing discoveries and and was an integral player in the 17th century Scientific Revolution. He most well known for his law of gravity, as well as the book that he wrote, Philosophiae Natturalis Principa Mathematica.
8. Fredrich Nietzsche
Fredrich Nietzsche was one of the most significant and greatest philosophers of all time. He was a German philosopher. as well as cultural critic. poet, philologist, Latin scholar, and Greek scholar. He lived from 1844 to 1900. Fredrich Nietzsche studied many areas, including history, phiology, religion, cultire, science, and tragedy. His works include the reason and truth perspective,
7. John Locke
John Locke was an English philosopher and physician. He was born in 1632 and passed away in 1704. He is considered one of the greatest Enlightenment thinkers and has earned the nickname of the Father of Liberation. The work of John Locke aided in the development of political philosophy and epistemology.
6. Rene Descartes
Rene Descartes was a French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist. He was born in 1596 and passed away in 1650. Rene Descartes is often referred to as the father of modern Western philosophy, as well as the father od analytical geometry. He wrote Meditations on First Philosophy, a writing that is still used today and is a standard text for many universities today. the Cartesian coordinate system was names after Rene Descartes.
Confucius was an Ancient Chinese philosopher, teacher, politician, and editor. His influential life spanned from 551 BC to 479 BC. He is well known for his popular aphorisms, as well as his modes of social interactions. He focused his studies and teachings on creating ethical models of family interaction, public interaction, and setting educational standards. Confucius believed in the principle of ren, as well as loving others, self discipline. compassion, and tradition. Among Confucius’ most popular writings are Spring and Autumn Annals, Lunyu, and The Analects of Confucius. While he did not think his teachings had much of an influence on China during his time, they did. His philosophy and teachings were influential t the Han, Tang, and Song dynasties. He is still quoted on a regular basis. to this day.
Voltaire was a French philosopher, writer, and historian. He is most well-known for his novel Candide, which is still widely popular, and is considered one of the greatest French writers. Voltaire was born in 1946 and passed in 1778. Due to the political clashes his writings caused, Voltaire was imprisoned twice, then eventually exiled from Paris. He wrote poems, plays. philosophical works, and historical works, as well as satirical humor.
Socrates is one of the greatest philosophers of all time. It is difficult to choose between the top three, as they were all great philosophers that learned from each other and were just about equally as great. Socrates was an ancient Greek philosopher that was the teacher to Plato. Much of his life is shrouded in mystery, however, we have been able to learn about some of his life through the writings of his students, such as Plato. You may have heard of the Socratic method, which was the beginning of both the logic system and philosophy itself. Socrates made an attempt to establish an ethical system based on human reason, and had philosophical views that were ahead of his time.
Plato was one of the greatest philosophers of all time. He was a student of Socrates and teacher to Aristotle. Born in 428 B.C., Plato passed away in 348 B.C. He was an ancient Greek philosopher that had a special interest in the study of metaphysics and epistemology. Plato devoted his life to the question of virtue and noble character formation. He studied mathematics, geometry, geology, astronomy, religion, and more. He was the founder of the first institute of higher learning in the Western world, The Academy in Athens, Greece. He is also cited as one of the founders of spirituality and Western religion, and believed to have founded Western political philosophy, as well as written dialogue and dialect.
The number one, most significant thinker and philosopher of the world is none other than the great Aristotle. He was an ancient Greek philosopher, scientist, and intellectual that spent the majority of his life in Athens studying, teaching, and writing in the school that he founded, the Lyceum. He was born many, many years ago in 384 B.C. and passed in 322 B.C. Aristotle studied in Plato’s Academy and maintained a twenty year relationship with him, even though their philosophical views varied in some areas of study. Aristotle was the greatest philosopher ever, creating writings on ethics, political theory, metaphysics, and science that are still studied today, founded formal logic, and pionerred the study of zoology.
These are the Top 10 Most Significant Thinkers and Philosophers of the World of all time until 2017. The world would not be what it is today if it were not for these ten men. They helped create a solid foundation for the thought process, and laid the building blocks for civilization as we know it.