The Romans subsequently use finely ground volcanic lava in place of clay, deriving it mainly from the region of Pozzuoli. Architecture has a quite a long history dating back to ancient times. Their cement, known for this reason as pozzolanic, is the strongest mortar in history until the development of Portland cement. Ancient Mesopotamia is most noted for its construction of mud brick buildings and the construction of Ziggurats, religious temples made for worship of the gods and goddesses of Mesopotamia. Today, architecture is a hot subject in design and architecture circles. Here are the top 10 most influential architects in the world in 2018.
10. Zaha Hadid
Was born on 10.31.1950 and was the first woman architect who ever won the Pritzker Architecture prize. She was born in Iraq and Hadid’s forms are characterised as futuristic, unconventional, daring and artistic. She was quite influential and talented and ranked on Forbes list at 69th most powerful women in 2008.
09. Moshe Safdie
Was born on born 7.14.1938 and Haifa, Safdie is known for his 1967 International & Universal Exposition which was the Expo 67. This was known as Canada’s main celebration during its centennial year. Safdie has been awarded with much recognition of which the Gold Medal, from the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada is among the finest.
08. Álvaro Joaquim de Melo Siza Vieira
Was born on 25 June 1933 and he was a Portuguese architect and architectural educator. He was awarded the Pritzker Prize for the renovation project that he coordinated in the Chiado area of Lisbon.
07. Ben van Berkel
Ben van Berkel has lectured and taught at many architectural schools around the world. He was born in 1957 and is a Dutch architect and founding partner of the internationally acclaimed architectural practice – UNStudio.
06. Christian de Portzamparc
Was born on 5 May 1944 and is a French architect and urbanist who graduated from the École Nationale des Beaux Arts in Paris in 1970. Noted for his bold designs and artistic touch, this consequently won him the Pritzker Prize in 1994. His work focuses on research over speculation and concerns the quality of life; aesthetics are conditioned by ethics; and he maintains that we have too often dissociated one from the other.
05. Jean Nouvel
Was born on 12 August 1945 and is a French architect. He won a few awards including the Aga Khan Award for Architecture; the Wolf Prize in Arts in 2005 and the Pritzker Prize in 2008. Nouvel also won the design competition for the Institut du Monde Arabe which is the Arab World Institute building in Paris. His present practice, was formed in 1994 with Michel Pélissié and is one of the largest in France.
04. Jeanne Gang
Was born in 1964 and is internationally recognised for her innovative use of materials and environmentally sensitive approach. She engages pressing contemporary issues and their impact on the human experience. Her work has been exhibited at the International Venice Biennale, the Museum of Modern Art and the Art Institute of Chicago. She was a successful graduate of the Harvard Graduate School of Design, she has taught at Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Rice and Illinois Institute of Technology.
03. David Magie Childs
Was born on April 1, 1941 in the city of Princeton, New Jersey, United States. He is best known for his controversial redesign of the new One World Trade Centre in New York City. He certainly made an influence in architecture in the United States as his major projects included the Four Seasons Hotel, the U.S. News and World Report headquarters, the headquarters for National Geographic, Worldwide Plaza, 450 Lexington Avenue, Bertelsmann Tower and One World Trade Centre.
02. Ma Yansong
Was born in Beijing, China and is highly recognised as an important voice in the new generation of architects. He designed the Floating Island in 2002. He has created a series of imaginative works that include the Absolute Towers, Hutong Bubble 32, Ordos Museum, China Wood Sculpture Museum and Fake Hills. He became the first architect from China to receive a RIBA fellowship in 2010. He designed the Best Tall Building in the Americas in Canada.
01. José Rafael Moneo Vallés
Was born in Tudela, Spain on 9th May 1937. He is a Spanish architect. He won the Pritzker Prize and RIBA Royal Gold Medal. He has taught architecture at various locations around the world. His prominent works around the world include: the National Museum of Roman Art in Mérida, Spain; the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels in Los Angeles; the Murcia Town Hall on the Cardenal Belluga Plaza; and the Davis Art Museum at Wellesley College in Massachusetts. He won the Prince of Asturias Award for the Arts. Moneo leaves his own mark on each of his creations.
Architects create and design many features and styles appear in the building. Architects have shown their skills and talents in their designs. Times show magnificent works appeared in pyramids, houses, and temples. It is a blend of architects both from the old era and of the new. Many of them have been the fathers of modernism, and their style is being carried on and stands as an inspiration for today’s architects. Physical structures go on to have a life of their own, becoming a central and functional part of countless people’s lives for hundreds, if not thousands, of years after they were built. Architectural designs record details of specific moments in time.
Architecture is interesting, inspiring and educational. From the beginning of time, building and structures have been built, created, and designed. Today, building remain a very important part of our world providing shelter to both humans and animals. Some historical buildings attract thousands of tourists to their sites each day. The people behind the designs are the architects. These are the talented artists who design buildings. Their job is a complex one that is very time consuming and takes a lot of thought. Architects attend college and universities for years to obtain degrees in the field and gain architectural careers.