Every nation that has been conquered by another territory has always had freedom fighters that rose-up to drive out the foreign invaders. These individuals are fiercely loyal to their country and they will do everything to remove their unwanted rulers. The following information will reveal the 10 greatest freedom fighters in India. These individuals were ferociously dedicated to their independence and fought hard to get it back.
List of Top 10 Greatest Indian Freedom Fighters
10. Mangal Pandey
The British moved against India during the 19th century and took over the nation. Once they conquered the territory many Indian people were angry, upset and ready to drive them away. Then a soldier rose through the ranks by the name of Mangal Pandey.
Pandey was a Sepoy and a great warrior. He was a leading figure in the Great Revolt of 1857. He led his forces to many great victories and harassed the British rulers for many months. However, the British forces proved to be too strong and they ended capturing this valiant soldier and hung him later that year.
9. Bahadur Shah Zafar
Bahadur Shah Zafar was India’s last Emperor. He was the ultimate leader in the great rebellion of 1857. This ruling monarch led the remainder of his Sepoy forces against the East India Company. He fought valiantly against the British forces but once again, the British defeated the Sepoys. Emperor Zafar was not killed but exiled to Rangoon which is modern day Bangladesh. He was never able to challenge the British again. However, his efforts helped to create more freedom fighters during his day.
8. Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel
Sardar Vallabh bhai Patel was a very active and outspoken leader within the Indian National Congress. He was a key figure in acquiring India’s freedom from the British in 1947. He took over the movement against the British when Gandhi was in jail. Patel engaged within civil disobedience and he joined many more movements that helped to make the British to relinquish the country back to the Indian people.
7. Dr. Rajendra Prasad
There were many Indian freedom fighters during the early 20th century. They lived during the time of Mahatma Gandhi. One of these figures was named Rajendra Prasad. He was a supporter of Gandhi and he joined the Indian National Congress to help the cause.
He was imprisoned many times for his activities against the British but he eventually played a critical role with helping his people to regain his country from the Indian people. Prasad was India’s first president and he is known as the architect of India’s Constitution.
6. Rani Lakshmi Bai
Rani Lakshmi Bai was an Indian woman who fought bravely to rid the British from her home. She was the leader of the Princely state of Jhansi. She also had a huge army that she personally led into battle against the Indian people. This army was unusual because it was made up of women.
These women took on the British and were holding their own. Rani fought many battles but ended up dying in 1858 from the wounds that she received. She tried her best to keep the British out but was not successful. However, many Indian people remember her sacrifice and her struggle.
5. Jawahar Lal Nehru
Jawahar Lal Nehru was joined many movements to rid their nation of British rule. He lived during the early part of the 20th century when many Indians were growing extremely frustrated with their British rulers. Nehru followed Gandhi. He joined the Civil Disobedient Movement.
This was a not violent movement that helped to play a big part in India’s freedom from the Brits. He led calculated campaigns against the Brits. His frontline efforts helped to drive them out. Nehru became the Prime Minister of India after they gained their freedom.
4. Chandra Shekhar Azad
Chandra Shekhar Azad was an Indian freedom fighter that used different tactics to help free his people. On the one hand he joined in non-violent movement started by Gandhi. However, he realized that he needed to take a more violent stance to rid the nation form the brits. Azad fought with hatred and anger against the Brits. He wanted them gone.
He also mentored other famous Indian personalities. Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev were two of the younger freedom fighters that were being directed by Azad. This freedom fighter ended up killing himself when he was cornered by the British police. He would rather die by his own hand and not by the hand of the Brits. He is one amongst the Top 10 Greatest Indian Freedom Fighters.
3. Subhash Chandra Bose
Subhash Chandra Bose created the Indian National Army. People called him Azad Hind Fauj. He was a very patriotic man who wanted to see Indian people forging their own destiny. Bose became the president of the Indian National Congress. He had a famous quote he used to say to his people while he led them to freedom. He told them “You give me blood, and I promise you freedom”. He eventually decided to take extreme action to drive the Brits out of their territory.
2. Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi is by far the greatest Indian freedom fighter in the history of the nation. He is called the father of the nation and is an iconic international figure that is still well-known today. He lost everything to make his country free. Gandhi’s efforts helped to free so many people and to improve the lives of his fellow countrymen.
He went to jail, received beatings and was close to death numerous times for what he believed. Gandhi not only revolutionized India – he even helped to change the world. Martin Luther King Jr. learned how to fight against racial injustice within the United States by following Gandhi. His influence India would have continued to remain under the British rule if Gandhi did not step up to become the iconic leader of this movement.
1. Bhagat Singh
Bhagat Singh was a freedom fighter who respected Gandhi but he did not adhere to his ways. Singh was extremely influential to the movement more a national level. He was a hardcore fighter who made it a point to use violence against the Brits. He blew up bombs and did fasts in jails. This man was a very young Indian person and he fought brutally to for his people’s freedom.
He was hung by the Brits. However, his death turned him into a martyr that the young people of India really respected. Bhagat’s death really opened their eyes to the horrors of British rule. From that point on many young people decided to join in the movement. Some went under Gandhi while others decided to pick up arms. Now the young people were involved in the movement, freedom from the Brits had to happen – and it did.
These above are the Top 10 Greatest Indian Freedom Fighters. Freedom is a precious thing. People who value their ability to govern themselves and to make their own decisions will fight to keep it in tact. The Indian freedom fighters on this list were people who knew the importance of freedom and all that it had to offer.